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What is obesity?

Morbid obesity

Obesity is a consequence of social and medical factors , which lead to the accumulation of excess fat in the body. It is a health problem that limits the way of life to many people who can enjoy life.

Obesity is a chronic disease preventable multifactorial origin that is characterized by excessive accumulation of fat or general hypertrophy of adipose tissue in the body , ie when the natural energy reserve of humans and other mammals, stored as body fat increased to a point where it is associated with many complications such as certain health conditions or diseases and increased mortality. Overweight and obesity are the fifth leading risk factor for death in the world. Die each year at least 2.8 million adults as a result of being overweight or obese .

WHO (World Health Organization ) defines obesity as a BMI ( body mass index , calculated from the height and weight of the individual) is equal or greater than 30 kg / m² . It is also considered a sign of obesity increased abdominal circumference greater than or equal to 102 cm and greater than or equal to 88 cm women men . (See : Diagnosis of obesity ) .

Obesity is one of metabolic syndrome remains a known risk factor , that is predisposed to various diseases , particularly cardiovascular diseases , type 2 diabetes , sleep apnea, stroke , osteoarthritis , as well as some forms of cancer , dermatological disorders and gastrointestinal .

Although obesity is an individual clinical condition has become a serious public health problem that is increasing :
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide . [ ... ] Although previously considered a confined to high-income countries , today obesity problem is also prevalent in countries of low and middle income . ( Part of the WHO)

  • Conditions related to obesity
  • diabetes
  • depression
  • infertility
  • Sleep Apnea
  • heartburn
  • Urinary Incontigencia
  • High blood pressure
  • respiratory problems
  • gastroesófafeal reflux
  • Heart Diseases
  • menstrual irregularities
  • Oseoartrítis in joints relate to weight


de Cirugía
Colegio Mexicano de Cirugía de la Obesidad y Enfermedades Metabólicas Colegio Mexicano
de Cirugía de la Obesidad
y Enfermedades Metabólicas
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